Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
United Kingdom (Europe) 0.36
± 0.28
0.50
± 0.21
0.69
± 0.13
0.81
± 0.13
2.35
± 0.26
1.67
± 0.29
United Kingdom 0.36
± 0.28
0.52
± 0.21
0.70
± 0.14
0.83
± 0.13
2.30
± 0.26
1.68
± 0.38
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 2.59 ± 1.04 ± 0.56 ± 0.42 ± 0.35

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.31 0.56 0.79 0.87 0.89

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 3.19 ± 3.12 ± 2.56 ± 2.04 ± 2.00 ± 1.83
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 1.93 ± 1.79 ± 1.76 ± 2.18 ± 2.19 ± 2.93

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature