Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Svalbard and Jan Mayen 0.46
± 0.31
0.82
± 0.35
1.09
± 0.42
1.03
± 0.46
5.45
± 0.81
11.32
± 1.70
Norway 0.44
± 0.31
0.66
± 0.22
0.96
± 0.17
0.92
± 0.16
3.15
± 0.37
3.23
± 0.52
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 3.38 ± 1.51 ± 0.90 ± 0.68 ± 0.51

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.36 0.57 0.73 0.79 0.81

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 5.09 ± 4.14 ± 3.99 ± 2.96 ± 2.06 ± 1.85
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 1.62 ± 1.63 ± 1.96 ± 2.77 ± 4.00 ± 4.53

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature