Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
São Paulo - - 0.86
± 0.14
1.10
± 0.28
1.92
± 0.41
2.03
± 0.87
Brazil - - 0.87
± 0.17
1.06
± 0.18
1.70
± 0.17
1.50
± 0.43
South America - - 0.86
± 0.20
1.00
± 0.16
1.39
± 0.19
1.07
± 0.36
Southern Hemisphere - - 0.81
± 0.24
0.94
± 0.32
1.34
± 0.38
1.15
± 0.38
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 1.60 ± 0.62 ± 0.28 ± 0.17 ± 0.11

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.50 0.83 0.95 0.98 0.99

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 1.30 ± 1.22 ± 1.26 ± 1.59 ± 1.74 ± 1.81
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 1.87 ± 1.72 ± 1.77 ± 1.59 ± 1.28 ± 1.35

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature