Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Panama - - 0.84
± 0.21
0.94
± 0.23
1.52
± 0.32
-0.02
± 0.59
Central America - - 0.63
± 0.16
0.72
± 0.13
1.55
± 0.25
1.49
± 0.44
North America - 0.82
± 0.23
1.02
± 0.18
1.11
± 0.11
2.90
± 0.19
4.72
± 0.28
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 0.92 ± 0.50 ± 0.22 ± 0.15 ± 0.09

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.69 0.85 0.97 0.98 0.99

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 1.00 ± 1.07 ± 1.09 ± 0.88 ± 0.82 ± 0.73
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 0.73 ± 0.66 ± 0.65 ± 0.66 ± 0.84 ± 0.97

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature