Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
New Caledonia - - 0.84
± 0.21
0.95
± 0.23
1.81
± 0.35
1.95
± 0.77
Melanesia - - - 0.82
± 0.15
1.29
± 0.27
0.72
± 1.47
France 0.35
± 0.20
0.61
± 0.17
0.84
± 0.11
1.11
± 0.13
2.60
± 0.21
1.41
± 0.46
Oceania - - 0.63
± 0.23
0.93
± 0.08
1.38
± 0.24
0.65
± 0.47
Southern Hemisphere - - 0.81
± 0.24
0.94
± 0.32
1.34
± 0.38
1.15
± 0.38
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 1.06 ± 0.53 ± 0.27 ± 0.19 ± 0.10

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.59 0.83 0.94 0.97 0.99

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 0.99 ± 0.90 ± 0.84 ± 0.91 ± 0.90 ± 1.03
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 0.94 ± 0.97 ± 0.97 ± 1.04 ± 0.88 ± 1.01

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature