Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Netherlands 0.39
± 0.25
0.58
± 0.17
0.83
± 0.11
1.07
± 0.10
2.89
± 0.21
1.87
± 0.21
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 3.29 ± 1.30 ± 0.65 ± 0.45 ± 0.33

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.27 0.50 0.74 0.85 0.89

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 4.76 ± 4.42 ± 3.27 ± 2.63 ± 2.61 ± 2.29
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 2.46 ± 2.16 ± 2.15 ± 2.53 ± 2.82 ± 4.09

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature