Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Murmansk 0.48
± 0.29
0.80
± 0.26
1.12
± 0.19
1.01
± 0.12
2.94
± 0.28
5.00
± 0.44
Russia - 0.90
± 0.23
1.15
± 0.25
1.57
± 0.20
3.39
± 0.28
3.47
± 0.40
Asia - 0.82
± 0.18
1.00
± 0.15
1.35
± 0.09
2.57
± 0.24
3.13
± 0.25
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 3.82 ± 1.59 ± 0.78 ± 0.51 ± 0.38

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.43 0.56 0.77 0.86 0.90

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 5.58 ± 5.76 ± 4.75 ± 3.27 ± 3.04 ± 2.94
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 2.76 ± 2.63 ± 2.43 ± 3.41 ± 4.24 ± 5.51

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature