Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Montenegro 0.29
± 0.17
0.57
± 0.17
0.72
± 0.14
0.83
± 0.15
2.14
± 0.25
3.43
± 0.75
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 2.79 ± 1.03 ± 0.51 ± 0.37 ± 0.29

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.41 0.59 0.83 0.90 0.93

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 3.91 ± 3.73 ± 3.27 ± 2.52 ± 2.48 ± 2.24
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 1.91 ± 2.10 ± 2.30 ± 2.62 ± 3.03 ± 3.42

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature