Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Monaco 0.33
± 0.18
0.62
± 0.15
0.85
± 0.11
1.18
± 0.15
2.76
± 0.30
1.89
± 0.57
Italy 0.33
± 0.16
0.62
± 0.13
0.81
± 0.10
1.05
± 0.18
2.64
± 0.22
2.46
± 0.37
France (Europe) 0.33
± 0.21
0.57
± 0.18
0.82
± 0.09
1.11
± 0.12
2.77
± 0.22
1.22
± 0.35
France 0.35
± 0.20
0.61
± 0.17
0.84
± 0.11
1.11
± 0.13
2.60
± 0.21
1.41
± 0.46
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 2.73 ± 0.98 ± 0.50 ± 0.37 ± 0.27

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.32 0.62 0.84 0.90 0.93

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 3.30 ± 3.29 ± 2.69 ± 2.34 ± 2.52 ± 2.39
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 2.26 ± 1.96 ± 2.22 ± 2.34 ± 2.36 ± 2.84

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature