Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Luxembourg 0.37
± 0.22
0.59
± 0.16
0.85
± 0.09
1.09
± 0.11
2.83
± 0.19
1.44
± 0.32
Belgium 0.37
± 0.23
0.57
± 0.17
0.84
± 0.09
1.06
± 0.11
2.84
± 0.20
1.58
± 0.33
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 3.47 ± 1.26 ± 0.61 ± 0.42 ± 0.30

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.25 0.51 0.77 0.87 0.91

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 4.91 ± 4.54 ± 3.35 ± 2.87 ± 2.86 ± 2.50
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 2.74 ± 2.32 ± 2.47 ± 2.73 ± 3.03 ± 4.26

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature