Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Liechtenstein 0.35
± 0.18
0.63
± 0.13
0.88
± 0.11
1.23
± 0.09
2.83
± 0.31
1.70
± 0.68
Switzerland 0.34
± 0.18
0.62
± 0.14
0.87
± 0.11
1.20
± 0.10
2.83
± 0.23
1.66
± 0.44
Austria 0.34
± 0.19
0.61
± 0.14
0.87
± 0.10
1.22
± 0.09
2.90
± 0.28
2.58
± 0.31
Italy 0.33
± 0.16
0.62
± 0.13
0.81
± 0.10
1.05
± 0.18
2.64
± 0.22
2.46
± 0.37
Germany 0.38
± 0.22
0.62
± 0.15
0.87
± 0.10
1.14
± 0.09
2.81
± 0.21
1.71
± 0.22
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 3.45 ± 1.23 ± 0.59 ± 0.39 ± 0.29

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.27 0.53 0.79 0.88 0.92

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 4.59 ± 4.49 ± 3.65 ± 3.13 ± 3.06 ± 2.67
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 2.61 ± 2.30 ± 2.70 ± 2.96 ± 3.10 ± 4.02

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature