Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
French Southern and Antarctic Lands - - - - 1.67
± 0.67
0.96
± 3.10
France 0.35
± 0.20
0.61
± 0.17
0.84
± 0.11
1.11
± 0.13
2.60
± 0.21
1.41
± 0.46
Southern Hemisphere - - 0.81
± 0.24
0.94
± 0.32
1.34
± 0.38
1.15
± 0.38
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 1.23 ± 0.58 ± 0.31 ± 0.25 ± 0.14

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.35 0.67 0.89 0.93 0.96

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 0.80 ± 0.92 ± 1.02 ± 1.20 ± 1.25 ± 1.21
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 1.20 ± 1.31 ± 1.21 ± 0.95 ± 0.55 ± 0.65

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature