Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
France (Europe) 0.33
± 0.21
0.57
± 0.18
0.82
± 0.09
1.11
± 0.12
2.77
± 0.22
1.22
± 0.35
France 0.35
± 0.20
0.61
± 0.17
0.84
± 0.11
1.11
± 0.13
2.60
± 0.21
1.41
± 0.46
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 2.87 ± 1.03 ± 0.52 ± 0.38 ± 0.30

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.30 0.59 0.82 0.89 0.92

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 3.71 ± 3.57 ± 2.74 ± 2.36 ± 2.41 ± 2.20
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 2.34 ± 1.95 ± 2.19 ± 2.35 ± 2.50 ± 3.29

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature