Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Fiji - - - 0.92
± 0.20
1.30
± 0.44
1.61
± 0.40
Melanesia - - - 0.82
± 0.15
1.29
± 0.27
0.72
± 1.47
Oceania - - 0.63
± 0.23
0.93
± 0.08
1.38
± 0.24
0.65
± 0.47
Southern Hemisphere - - 0.81
± 0.24
0.94
± 0.32
1.34
± 0.38
1.15
± 0.38
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 1.10 ± 0.56 ± 0.32 ± 0.24 ± 0.15

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.53 0.79 0.91 0.95 0.97

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 0.69 ± 0.78 ± 0.76 ± 0.74 ± 0.87 ± 1.01
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 1.04 ± 0.95 ± 1.17 ± 1.05 ± 0.86 ± 0.78

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature