Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Estonia 0.45
± 0.30
0.73
± 0.25
1.03
± 0.17
1.19
± 0.10
3.01
± 0.27
2.37
± 0.37
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 3.99 ± 1.68 ± 0.77 ± 0.48 ± 0.30

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.42 0.52 0.75 0.86 0.92

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 6.55 ± 6.38 ± 4.86 ± 3.11 ± 3.23 ± 2.90
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 2.85 ± 2.77 ± 2.68 ± 3.37 ± 3.89 ± 5.50

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature