Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Eastern Africa - - - 0.97
± 0.15
1.93
± 0.20
1.83
± 0.65
Africa - - 0.83
± 0.20
0.92
± 0.12
1.99
± 0.21
2.49
± 0.45
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 0.75 ± 0.34 ± 0.20 ± 0.16 ± 0.14

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.74 0.93 0.98 0.99 0.99

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 0.70 ± 0.73 ± 0.68 ± 0.73 ± 0.69 ± 0.66
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 0.64 ± 0.60 ± 0.57 ± 0.58 ± 0.60 ± 0.58

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature