Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
United Kingdom 0.36
± 0.28
0.52
± 0.21
0.70
± 0.14
0.83
± 0.13
2.30
± 0.26
1.68
± 0.38
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 2.43 ± 0.97 ± 0.52 ± 0.39 ± 0.32

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.35 0.60 0.82 0.89 0.91

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 3.02 ± 2.95 ± 2.43 ± 1.93 ± 1.88 ± 1.74
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 1.82 ± 1.68 ± 1.65 ± 2.06 ± 2.06 ± 2.78

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature