Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Ukraine 0.39
± 0.18
0.75
± 0.15
1.02
± 0.10
1.46
± 0.12
2.66
± 0.21
6.15
± 0.35
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 3.43 ± 1.28 ± 0.56 ± 0.36 ± 0.25

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.50 0.63 0.84 0.91 0.94

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 5.75 ± 5.25 ± 4.26 ± 3.22 ± 2.93 ± 2.66
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 2.40 ± 2.43 ± 2.70 ± 3.13 ± 3.96 ± 5.00

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature