Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Germany 0.38
± 0.22
0.62
± 0.15
0.87
± 0.10
1.14
± 0.09
2.81
± 0.21
1.71
± 0.22
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Regional Climate Variability

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 3.52 ± 1.34 ± 0.65 ± 0.42 ± 0.29

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.29 0.50 0.75 0.87 0.92

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 5.26 ± 4.86 ± 3.68 ± 3.00 ± 2.87 ± 2.49
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 2.60 ± 2.27 ± 2.41 ± 2.79 ± 3.06 ± 4.39

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature