Country: Italy
Latitude:44.2031 N
Longitude:11.1801 E
Nearby Cities:Bologna, Florence, Modena, Prato, Parma, Leghorn

Mean Rate of Change ( °C / Century )

Since: 1760 1810 1860 1910 1960 1990
Current Location 0.33
± 0.17
0.63
± 0.13
0.84
± 0.11
1.18
± 0.17
2.78
± 0.20
2.17
± 0.45
Italy 0.33
± 0.16
0.62
± 0.13
0.81
± 0.10
1.05
± 0.18
2.64
± 0.22
2.46
± 0.37
Europe 0.37
± 0.21
0.63
± 0.15
0.88
± 0.08
1.09
± 0.10
2.69
± 0.23
2.94
± 0.26
Northern Hemisphere - 0.79
± 0.16
0.96
± 0.10
1.19
± 0.05
2.56
± 0.20
3.56
± 0.20
Global Land 0.43
± 0.18
0.79
± 0.13
0.91
± 0.08
1.11
± 0.03
2.16
± 0.11
2.78
± 0.13

Local Climate Variabiity

Difference from Global Land Average ( °C, 95% range )

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
± 2.76 ± 1.01 ± 0.51 ± 0.36 ± 0.26

Correlation to Global Land Average (R value)

Smoothing Monthly Annual Five-year Ten-year Twenty-year
0.34 0.60 0.83 0.90 0.94

Variability in Monthly Means ( °C, 95% range )

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
± 3.39 ± 3.35 ± 2.82 ± 2.40 ± 2.65 ± 2.44
Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
± 2.14 ± 2.11 ± 2.26 ± 2.49 ± 2.53 ± 2.88

History of Temperature Stations

Evolution of Climate Extremes

Mean of Daily High Temperature

Mean of Daily Low Temperature